Climate Smart Gum Arabic Crop Investment in Arid Zones: An Agroforestry Model in Nigeria
Omokhafe K. O.
The interacting factors that determine the geomorphology and atmosphere status of the earth are traceable to complex organic and inorganic interactions. The consequence of these interactions in the present concern of climate change was highlighted. The emphasis was on the Sahel Savannah threatened by desertification and hence characterized by increased aridity, loss of arable land, poverty, starvation, low productivity, low tree population, migration, child labor, human trafficking, etc associated with the Sahel region of Wet Africa. Gum arabic based agroforestry model developed and recommended by Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria is in line with the FAO climate smart agriculture. In addition, there are pockets of successful arid zone agriculture as evidence of turning the dry and bare arid zone to possible forest of trees, shrubs, herbs, mixed farming and flourishing/sustainable socio-economic activities with settled communities. The objective of this paper therefore was to present the application of gum arabic based agroforestry in order to enhance tree population, green ground cover and check wind/water erosion. In addition, it will enhance socio-economic life of the people and hence ameliorate the challenges associated with social dislocation. This model is recommended for consideration and implementation at national, bilateral, multilateral, regional, international levels. The interest and support of donor agencies to facilitate application of the climate smart gum arabic based agroforestry in the Sahel zone of West Africa is hereby solicited.