specialty journal of psychology and management
Comparison of Cognitive Distortions and Emotion regulation in People with Depressive disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Normal Individuals in Bandar Abbas City
Sara Javidan1, Kourosh Mohammadi2
Present study was conducted to compare cognitive distortions and emotion regulations in people with depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and normal individuals. In terms of goal, this research was applied, and in terms of method, it was expost facto or causal-comparative. 50 depressed patients, 50 obsessive-compulsive order patients and 50 normal individuals were selected as samples of this research by purposive sampling method. The data was analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test. In terms of cognitive distortions and emotion regulation, there was significant difference between depressed patients and normal individuals and also significant difference was observed between obsessive-compulsive disorder patients and normal individuals but there was no significant difference between depressed patients and obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. The research suggested that people with depressive and obsessive-compulsive disorders, have significant distortions in recognition of themselves compared to normal people and also use more negative emotional strategies in facing with stressful events in their live, so, they experience more anxiety and stress. This study indicated that people with obsessive-compulsive and depressive disorders have more cognitive distortions than normal people and use maladaptive strategies of emotion regulation in coping with negative events.