Role of Media in Reflecting Halabja Chemical Attacks; Case Study: Keyhan Newspaper
Rezvan Aref Abbas, Ayyoub Khled Seif-al-Din
Nowadays, everyone acknowledges the important and complex role played by media in political changes in national and international levels. Undoubtedly, different political parties and groups make the most of this power tool for governing and public polling purposes. Therefore, media can play a crucial role in reflecting important global news and events and aligning public opinion to agree or disagree such events. The complete reflection of Iraq chemical attacks to Halabja by Keyhan Newspaper, publishing in Islamic Republic of Iran, is an example of such efforts. This analytical study aims to evaluate Keyhan role in reflecting Halabja chemical attacks through library studies and review of the valid documents of Keyhan Newspaper. The current study tries to answer this question that what is the role of media in reflecting Halabja news? To this end, the first section of this paper reviews the history of Keyhan newspaper, as the studied case, and Halabja chemical attacks. Then, it evaluates the role of Keyhan in reflecting this event from different standpoints.