Supporting the Victims of Sexual Offences in the Criminal Justice Process of Iran
Ali Zarghani Shiraz
In the sacred Islamic Law, strict provisions were set about crimes against chastity based on personal and social interests to make it difficult for people to prove these kinds of crimes. The proofs of evidence, which forms a part of criminal procedure act in any legal system, including the international legal system, is a tool that allows the possibility of proving the positions of each party about a dispute in a judicial review. Hence, achieving a satisfactory outcome from a judicial review depends on the proper and maximized use of such a tool. This is a descriptive-analytical study that was carried out with the aim of examining the Iranian criminal justice approach in protecting the victim of this crime. It can be said that some of the proving aspects of the rape are in conflict with the victim's right, and actions such as the right of independent and impartial proceedings, the right to have a lawyer, and the protection of the security and identity of the victim by criminal justice system can be fulfilled to meet the needs of women who were the victim of sexual crimes.