specialty journal of psychology and management
The Application of Social Story with Positive Reinforcement To Improve Kindergarten Student’s Social Skills
Melani Aprianti, Riana Sahrani, Debora Basaria
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of social story with positive reinforcement in increasing the social skills of kindergarten student. Social story with positive reinforcement is the reading of a story that is specifically made to help a child to handle specific social situation that the child encounter, with giving positive reinforcement aimed to increase the targeted behavior. This study used a single case design method with one respondent chosen by purposive sampling technique based on criteria given. The pre-test and post test evaluation of social skills are using Social Skill Improvement System-Rating Scale by Gresham & Elliot (2008). The evaluation of this study is also done by observing the frequency of targeted behavior before, during and after the intervention. The observation is done by event recording technique. The implementation of Social Story with positive reinforcement’s effectiveness is marked by the increasing post test scores of Social Skill Improvement System-Rating Scale on the targeted behaviors based on the participant condition and pre-test scores. In details, the increasing scores are from the targeted behavior on the engagement subscales from 44 to 62 or 18 points increments, on the communication subscales from 54 to 77 or 23 points increments and on assertiveness subscales from 22 to 59 or 37 points increments. The effectiveness of the intervention is also can be seen from the increasing frequency of targeted behaviors based on the observation of the frequency of targeted behavior before, during and after the intervention. The increasing behavior frequency in communication subscales is 66,7%, in engagement subscales is 72% and in assertiveness subscales is 81%.