The New Middle Class and Political Developments in Iran
Mohammad Nezhad Iran
Political interaction of members of the new middle class in Iran in recent years has lacked a cohesive and unilateral approach and therefore, its analysis needs a precise typology. Structural dependence of the new middle class on the government and bureaucratic structure of the state administration has had important role in giving direction to political interactions of this social strata. Undoubtedly, lack of independence of the new middle class from the structure of the political power in Iran has not been equivalent to their relentless support of official policies of the government. The new middle class in Iran is often the critic of the official policy of the government, and on the other hand, it plays a major role in implementing these policies as a bachelor force in the political system and thus cannot resolve this fundamental conflict in its relationship with the Islamic Republic of Iran. Due to modern knowledge and expertise, this social class has the potential to advance the process of political development in the country and should have a more effective role in the process of political modernization in Iran. In addition, with the expansion of urbanization and increased university education, the number of members of this category has been added. And has become the most important social class in Iran's political transformation. The new middle class in Ahmadinejad suffered from inactivity and weakened its central role in the country's political transformations, and its social and political power fell sharply. Ahmadinejad's attention was drawn to the low classes of society, and especially the villagers, with his disregard for this important social class.