The Role of Fruits and Vegetables in Improving Household Nutrition and Wellness
Agu Virginus Oguguo
This paper examined the roles of fruits and vegetables in improving household nutrition and good health. Diets rich in plant-based foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains and legumes have been found to increase longevity and reduce the susceptibility of people to cancer and chronic diseases. The role of phyto-nutrients (antioxidants) in protecting human cells from oxidative stress caused by unstable molecules (free radicals) were discussed. These free radicals have been associated with various cancers, Alzheimer disease, cardiovascular disease and age-related functional decline. Heart disease, cancer and stroke are amongst the major causes of death in Africa which can be avoided by increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains for wellness.