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specialty journal of politics and law
Volume 4, 2019, Issue 4
Access to Commodity Market in the Laws of Iran and Developed Countries
Hadi Davudi
Pages: 73-81

Abstract

‎“Access to market” is amongst the essential concepts and goals pursued by the world ‎trade organization within the framework of its agreements. This principle has been ‎designed so that it can contribute to the countries in enhancing their economic ‎development through expansion of businesses. Omission of tariffs and other business ‎barriers has been accepted within the format of the inter-member negotiations as a ‎solution to the expansion of the businesses. Access to the market as intended by the ‎world trade organization is actualized for the case of the goods through border ‎interventions like tariffs, volume restrictions and the other non-tariff measures. Within ‎the framework of the world trade organization, access to the market points to the ‎collection of the interventions and conditions imposed by the governments for the ‎importing of certain goods and products in a nondiscriminatory manner. The subject of ‎access to the market is closely interlaced with the tariffs. According to the prohibition ‎of using the volume restrictions as well as the necessity for supporting the domestic ‎industries through tariffs within the framework of the world trade organization, tariff is ‎recognized as the most important instrument of business policy available to the ‎governments and the most important means of limiting or expanding the accesses to ‎the market. The present study aimed at a comparative study of the laws of Iran and ‎developed countries in terms of access to commodity market based on a descriptive-‎analytical method. It has been concluded that there are hindrances in Iran’s regulations ‎for access to the commodity market in respect to the developed countries that some of ‎them can be removed and some others cannot be overcome and should be coped with‎‎‎‎.



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