Aristotle's Justice Theory
Parisa Ebrahimpour, Alireza Golshani, Hassan Malaekeh
This article is a response to the question that where is the justice position in the Aristotle's political thought? Answering this question is important because justice is the fundamental concept in ethical, social philosophies and old-new political thoughts. Aristotle tends to a way in which the ideas of "equality "and "moderation " are included. Also his deep impact on the Muslim philosopher's political thoughts adds to the importance of the Aristotle's justice theory. The research hypothesis is that Aristotle's justice theory roots from ontology. Aristotle’s ethics, Greek custom and in his view, justice are meaningful based on the natural model in his ontology. This article's findings which have been obtained by a descriptive-analytical method show that Aristotle divides justice into two general and strict meanings. Justice in general sense consists of respect laws and citizen's equality which is called virtue set. Justice in strict sense is divided into corrective and distributive types: distributive justice affects the distribution of honor, money and other things among people who have shares in the political system. Corrective justice plays a role in correcting the transactions and communications among people. In Aristotle's view, justice is to follow proportionality and treat equalities equally and inequalities unequally. Endowments and facilities are being distributed proportional to the people’s equalities and inequalities.