Comparison of Parenting Styles among Female Employees and Housewives Referring to Zabol Health Centers
Benyamin Saadatifar, Sajjad Sheykh, Amin Jahantigh, Hadis Mastaelizadeh, Zahra Heidary, Hamid Reza Sheikhi
Introduction: The family is the first and lasting institution to be the constructor of the child's behavior and character base. Considering the important role of parenting style and parenting’s job in the application of educational methods, the discussion about women's employment is a very important issue. Therefore, the present study was carried out by comparing the parenting styles among female employees and housewives referring to Zabol health centers. Method: This study was a descriptive study. The statistical population included all women referred to health centers in Zabol city who referred to these centers for health care purposes. The size of the study was 330 patients referring to health centers in Zabol city. Sampling was done in an inaccurate manner and the health centers were randomly selected. Sampling method is available at the level of health centers by sampling. Data were collected by demographic questionnaire and Diana Baarmind's parenting style questionnaire. The data obtained from this study were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, variance, standard deviation) and t-test using SPSS 21 software at a significant level of 0.05.
Findings:The findings showed that the frequency of the age group (under age 20) was 11 (3. 3%), the frequency of the age group (21-30) was 181 (54.8%), the frequency of the age group (31-40) was 114 (34.5 %), the frequency of the age group (41-50) was 24 (7.3%). Frequency distribution based on occupation was as follow: housewife (230) (69.7%), employee 100 (30.3). Frequency based on degree of education was as follow: 207 under diploma (62.7%), 123 diploma (37.3). Also, all three parenting styles (permissive, autocratic, authoritative) have been seen in housewives more than the employed women; while, autocratic style has been more in the employed women. Discussion and conclusion:Given that mothers spend their most time with their child and have the most impact on the evolutionary and psychological dimension, participating in classes and courses is recommended for more effective use of parenting styles.