Competency- Based Mastery Learning: The Planned Clinical Experience for Nursing Students
Alireza Khodaei, Masoumeh Mansourian, Zohre Alimokhtari
Introduction: Clinical education is one of the most important and crucial parts of Nursing education. Successful clinical education needs to adopt effective approaches that are based on up to date knowledge, clients’ and patients’ needs. Therefore, it can prepare the learners for learning. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of model of Competency- Based Mastery learning on practical learning of nursing students. Material and methods: In a quasi-experimental study using pre-test and post-test with two group design, 28 nursing students were selected through census sampling method and placed randomly in 2 control and 2 experiment groups, each group containing 6 to 7 people. After taking the cognitive skills pre-tests, control group received traditional education and experiment group went under clinical education using Competency- Based Mastery Learning program for 12 days. As final step, the post-test cognitive skills were held and behaviors skill checklist were observed. Data was analyzed using SPSS software using Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney tests and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The findings showed that the participation of the Competency- Based Mastery Learning has been effective in promoting of their knowledge and skill. The mean scores of them significantly differed before and after the participating in Competency- Based Mastery Learning. and compare the clinical competency nurse training differed before and after in group of traditional education and Competency- Based Mastery Learning Group. Conclusion: Competency- Based Mastery Learning promises high level of learning for students, it seems Competency- Based Mastery Learning structured approve to maximizing opportunities for learning and professional development and clinical competency.