Content Analysis of Experimental Sciences Book of Fifth-Grade Elementary Based on William Rumi Method
Ali Mehdi Pour, Leili Lajmiri, Gholam Ali Ahmadi
The importance of textbooks in focused educational systems such as the one in Iran, whose almost all educational factors are determined and implemented based on their content, is more than other types of educational systems and due to this excessive importance spending time by experts in evaluating and analyzing textbooks can be a solution to many of the current educational problems. This study aimed at analyzing the content of experimental sciences book of fifth-grade elementary using William Rumi method in the academic year of 2016-2017. Based on this analysis, students' involvement in the three components of "text", "questions", and "book illustrations" has been examined based on three hypotheses. The entire content of the experimental Sciences Book was selected as the statistical sample of the research, analyzed based on the active and passive categories, and the coefficient of their involvement was determined through William Rumi method. Accordingly, the involvement coefficient was achieved 1.217 for the text, 1.777 for the questions and 0.586 for the images respectively and it became clear that unlike the questions provided in the book, the texts and images are active.