Effects and Competent Authorities for Investigation of the Lawsuits regarding the Civil Liability of Executive Officials
Mohsen Mehri, Mahmood Ali Zadeh
If in civil liability, we seek after the key goal we would find compensation to be the chief and strongest goal. In other words, when a responsibility is fulfilled and its pillars take form, the next step in civil liability is compensation of damages resulted from it. The major and direct effect of the fulfillment of civil liability of the executive officials is compensation. The current research seeks to study the effects and competent authorities for investigation of the lawsuits civil liability of executive officials. In this regard, one should say that if the conditions of civil liability of an executive official get fulfilled due to personal mistake or other causes of civil liability like destruction and usurpation he will be personally responsible and the government will be merely accountable in the event of administrative misconduct. Now if the government is sued due to the negligence of an official and government is forced to compensate the damages the government has the right to refer to the executive official in charge. Then, in those cases where government acts as the employer and the executive officials are either working under the National Services Act or under the Labour Law the damages suffered by a third party due to the performance of certain official order the civil liability of the government and the executive official should be insured. On the other hand, there are some cases where the quality of damaging act is so that causes the executive official to be free from the damage compensation. In the current essay we seek to show how this compensation is done? What are its methods? Who does determine it? Who pays it?