Ethnoveterinary plants used for animal cure in District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)
Zabeeh Ullah, Ghulam Mujtabah Shah, Said Muhammad, Zahir Muhammad, Rafi Ullah, Abdul Majeed
The present study was conducted to evaluate the ethno-veterinary medicinal plants traditionally used for curing of animals in district Charsadda. Farmers in most of the villages in District Charsadda treat the animals using local plants and because of poverty, they do not depend on English medicines. Survey was carried out and information was collected from local peoples that most of them were formers. Questionnaires were asked from 40 informants of various villages. A total of 60 plants belonging from total 34 families were collected from district that local people use for Ethnoveterinary purpose (EVP). Most commonly used parts of ethnoveterinary plants are Fruits 14 (8.4%), leaf and seeds 12 (7.2%), Whole plant 6 (3.6%), bark 4 (2.4%), Rhizome 3 (1.8%), Flower, bulb, oil and latex 2 each of one is (1.2%) and stem are 1 (1.6%). It was also observed that old people from age of 75-80 have most knowledge about the ethnoveterinary plants. Solanaceae is the highest family in the study area involved in curing of different ethnoveterinary medicines’ preparations. It was also observed that skin diseases are common in the area followed by weakness, diarrhea, shortage of milk and death during birth is very rare in District Charsadda.