Evaluation of Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Very Low Birth Weight and Premature Infants
Introduction: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is one of the major causes of neonatal inability and death. Due to the higher incidence of IVH in very low birth weight and preterm infants, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of Intraventricular hemorrhage in very low birth weight and premature infants admitted to the Persian Gulf Hospital. Method: This study was conducted on 350 infants with very low birth weight and prematurity admitted to the Persian Gulf Hospital from March 2017 to May 2018. Sex, gestational age, weight, maternal morbidity, familial history, complications and grade of intraventricular hemorrhage were investigated. T-test and Chi-square were used for data analysis. Results: The prevalence of intraventricular hemorrhage was 9.4% in newborns. The average weight and age of pregnancy in IVH neonates were significantly lower than those without IVH and the frequency of female subjects was significantly higher in neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage than other neonates, and other factors were not related to the neonatal disease. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of IVH in low birth weight infants and the identification of risk factors in this study (low birth weight, low gestational age, and female gender) and, on the other hand, mortality and morbidity of newborns with low birth weight, especially newborns with ventricular hemorrhage, routine skull ultrasonography is recommended for timely screening and risk factor modification.