Evaluation of The Effects of Economic Growth, Energy Consumption and Urbanization On the Quality of the Environment in The Middle East; A Panel Data Approach
Sayed Nematallah Moosavi, Sohrab Bameri
In this research, using co-integration analysis in panel data, short and long run relationship between carbon dioxide emission, per capita income, energy consumption and urbanity in the Middle East countries between the years 1990-2013 was investigated. The results of the research show an N-shaped relationship, an inverse relationship between per capita income and pollution. The effect of energy consumption has high statistical importance, in that it is expected that pollution emissions per capita will increase by about 8 percent in the long run and it increases by about 5.6 percent in the short run, as energy consumption per capita increases by 10 percent. Urbanity index has a little positive effect on pollution emission per capita.