Health related quality of life (HRQOL) and socio-demographic determinant among elderly community of Sabzevar, 2017
Background and Objective: Global demographic pattern changes have increased the aging population of countries. A vulnerable population whose health is very important to governments, and in the meantime the quality of life is one of the most challenging health issues in this group. The aim of this study was to investigate the Health related quality of life (HRQOL) in elderly people in Sabzevar.
Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive study. The statistical population of this study was 400 elderly people of 60 years and above in Sabzevar, who have been studied by sharing ratio method from six health centers and two nursing homes (parents). Data were collected through two questionnaires of demographic information and HUI3 and through interviews. For analyzing data, we used SPSS V24 software, descriptive statistics, t-test, chi-square and Fisher test.
Results: From between 400 elderly participants, 183 people (45.8%) were male and 217 people (54.3%) were female. The mean age of the elderly people was 71.5 ± 9.3. The overall average health score was 0.48 (0.56 in men and 0.42 in women). 5.8 percent of the elderly people have a high level of overall health and 67% of them were at a weak level of health; their level of health has been associated significantly with gender, age, education, occupation and chronic diseases (P-value<0.001).
Conclusion: The results have shown that older people, women, elderly, unemployed and sole elderly people and those who report more chronic illnesses have been at a lower health status.