Investigating the Factors Affecting the Teaching of Art in Elementary Schools from the Viewpoint of Teachers in Semirom (2017-2018)
The purpose of this research was to investigate the factors influencing the teaching of art in elementary school from the teachers' point of view in Semirom. The research is a descriptive survey. Its statistical population is all the elementary teachers of Semirom in the academic year of 2017-2018. The research population is 337. The sample size has been estimated to be 180 people by Cochran formula. The sampling size was selected by the stratified random sampling, and the data gathering tool was a researcher-construed questionnaire based on the Likert scale. The content and formal validity was used to measure its validity and for determining reliability of the research tool, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. The reliability index of the whole scale in this research was 0.96. To analyze and study the data, the T-single-variable test, ANOVA test and LSD follow-up test were used through the SPSS-15 software. In this research, the problems of teaching art were studied in five components: "problems of the teaching of Writing, problems of the teaching of painting and simple design, content problems of the textbook of art, problems with the teaching method and problems of training creativity in the art course". The results of the research confirmed that, according to the teachers of Semirom, the mentioned components are considered as serious problems in the teaching of art in elementary school.