Investigating the Identity of Iran and Iraq War’s Photographers from Discourse Analysis Perspective in the Period before the Liberation of Khorramshahr
Abolfazl Ghasemi1, Rozita Sepehrnia2, Farhad Solaimani
The present study aims at construction of the identity of Iran and Iraq war’s photographers after the Islamic Revolution in 1978 based on discourse analysis in respect to the discourse governing the beginning of the war and affectability of the photographers from the dominant discourse. The governing discourse and war photography have been taken into account as a social issue forming the discourse. In order to scientifically investigate the subject, the effect of the governing discourse was researched amongst the numerous works by the photographers during the time period from 1980 to 1982 (before the liberation of Khorramshahr) and a proper analysis was presented. As the study’s theoretical framework, the sociological notions by Michel Foucault, Norman Fairclough and Gilles Deleuze on discourse and power were selected; moreover, the ideas and articles on war and articles on photography were also taken into consideration. As for the validity of the results, as well, discussions have been put forth considering the study’s qualitative nature. In this regard, five photographers who had been present during eight years of war were selected and 14 photographical works by each of them were chosen as the sample size. The study participants were subjected to deep interviews. Based on what was analyzed in the interviews and photographs, the discourse governing the region was found also prevalent in the other discourses and, despite the fact that some of the photographs have not been offered and recorded, the identity of the photographers was constructed and the photographs were subsequently found having been recorded based on the ideological and patriotic discourse governing the region to prevent the weakening of the spirits of the forces behind the frontlines. In line with the scientific study of such social issues, there are solutions presented in the current research paper for further research.