Recognition of the Learning Process based on Sadra’s Theosophical
Sajjad Yusifi, Saeed Beheshti, Mahmoud Nouzari
Theorization of learning process is a function of the philosophical analysis that one offers of the relationship between man and the world and every philosophical approach has provided a particular theoretical framework of the relationship between man and the world. Transcendent Theosophy as an evolved revision of Islamic wisdom contains a special explanation of the relationship between man and the world and it is evident that the description of the learning process will be different from this point of view. Thus, the current essay seeks to provide an answer based on the Transcendent Theosophy to the question: how is the learning process? It struggles to provide a theoretical framework for the experimental observations in learning psychologyusing the deductive method and answering this question based on Sadra’s philosophy. The result of this research was that Transcendent Theosophy has a special view of the relationship between man and the world and enumerates certain principles for this relationship: harmony of world and man, interactive state of this relationship, unity based state of this relationship, personality dynamicity in the relationship process, and intuitive nature of this unity. In the light of this approach learning process is redefined as follows: harmonic interaction of man and world that becomes united with the transcendent realities and reaches intuitive truth through personality dynamicityand its result can be seen in the phenomenological (representational), ideological and behavioral aspects of human existence.