Relationship between Job Involvement and Personality Traits with Teachers' Job Efficiency
This study was conducted to determine the role of job involvement and personality traits in teachers’ job efficiency using a correlation method. The statistical population included all teachers of Tehran schools in the academic year. A sample size of 200 individuals were selected by random sampling method according to the Morgan table. Data were collected using the NEO personality characteristics scale, Konongo's job involvement scale (1982), and job efficiency scale. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and multivariate regression. According to the results, a value of 0.136 means that 13% of the variance of job efficiency variable is explained by six components of psychological neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, appropriateness, conscientiousness, and job involvement. In addition, the calculated F ratio (05.081) was significant at a confidence level of at least 99%. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is a significant correlation between the examined variables and job efficiency variable. Considering the obtained coefficients, it can be concluded that the variables of conscientiousness, appropriateness, and extraversion were negatively and significantly correlated with job efficiency of teachers (p < 0.01). There were positive and significant correlations between the variables of job involvement, neuroticism, and openness to experience with job efficiency in teachers. Given the regression coefficients and its linear equation, the two variables of conscientiousness and job involvement can be included in the regression equation at an acceptable level with a strong predictive power.