Relationship between Thinking Styles, Academic Adjustment, and Homesickness in Students of Zabol University of Medical Sciences
Mostafa Motamedi Heravi, Hamid Reza Sheikhi, Ali Reza Sheikhi, Hadis Mastalizadeh, Benyamin Saadatifar, Batool Kouhi
Background: The basic characteristic of man is the ability to think. With the help of their own minds, humans have been able to dominate the complex and changing environment and survive. Adaptation in humans is a dynamic and non-discontinuous flow because, on the one hand, human needs are diverse and constantly changing, and on the other hand, the circumstances and conditions of the environment in which these needs are to be met. Methodology: The study is descriptive and correlation with the purpose of prediction. The sample of this study is Zabol University of Medical Sciences. The total number of participants in this study is 300 people. Then, according to the sample size, among the students of the University of the community studied by census method, three questionnaires including thinking styles, academic adjustment, andhomesickness are selected. To collect data, three standard questionnaires including thinking styles, academic adjustment, homesickness were used. Data were collected through descriptive statistical tests (mean, variance, standard deviation). Results: Pearson correlation coefficient with error less than 5% indicates that there is not a significant relationship between thinking styles and academicadjustment. Pearson correlation coefficient with error less than 5% indicates that there is a statistically significant relationship between styles of thinking and homesickness There is a significant relationship (r = 0.189, p-value<0.05), and this relationship is positive and direct. Conclusion: Finally, it can be stated that the study of thinking styles and academic adjustment can be a turning point in the university. The implementation of recreational, educational programs, along with expanding access to social support and training coping strategies can help to reduce homesickness.