Studies on the Density of Butterflies in Railway Colony, Madurai
Thavamani Malar Meenakshi, Antony Joseph Thatheyus
Butterflies are one of the most beautiful and colourful organisms present on earth. Butterflies are important bioindicators which should be protected to conserve the environment. A survey of Railway Colony, Madurai from March 2018 to August 2018 was carried out. Regular monitoring of the butterflies was carried out every fortnight by making transect counts and recording their number for the entire study period. The study revealed the presence of twenty one species of butterflies belonging to four families. Shannon index, Shannon Evenness and Simpson’s indices of butterflies were calculated. Twenty one species of butterflies were recorded belonging to four families. The family, Nymphalidae dominated with eight species and Pieridae was the least with three species.