The comparison of life events and self-efficacy between outpatients and patients suffering from chronic pains
Marzieh Arefi Koyestan, Faroghizadeh
Several researchers had pointed out psychological events to be risk factors for the development of chronic pain. Life events stress and negative emotions had been found to play an important role in pain disorders.(Francis, Timothy ,Lyncy et al.,2001;Ghosh & Puja,2004). The findings from several studies demonstrated that beliefs of self-efficacy were correlated to adjustment with chronic pain and explained the different aspects of experiencing the pain(Pecukonis,2009.Nicholas,2007). The purpose of the study was to compared of life events and self-efficacy between outpatients and patients suffering from chronic pains. 70 Patients with chronic pains and 70 outpatients referring clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Uremia city were selected randomly and were asked to fill out the West Haven Yale multidimensional Pain inventory (WHYMPI), Paykelinventory of life events and coping Self-Efficacy Scale. The major finding showed there was positive and meaningful correlation between daily activities and self-efficacy and also the experience of pain and life events. It was also found that life events and self-efficacy are able to predict the multiple dimensions of pain in outpatients and patients suffering from chronic pains.