The Effect of 12 Weeks of Tai Chi Exercise on IL-6 and CRP of Obese and Lean Middle-Aged Women
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a Tai Chi exercise on some of the inflammatory indicators of obese and lean middle-aged women. Methodology: the research sample included 40 non-athlete middle-aged women, including 20 obese and 20 lean, in Bardsir city. The subjects were purposefully selected and obese women were randomly divided into exercise obese (10 subjects) and control obese (10 subjects) groups and lean subjects were randomly divided into exercise lean (10 subjects) and control lean (10 subjects) groups.First, written consent was taken from subjects. Then, medical questionnaire were completed. Then, physical dimensions including height, weight and body mass index were measured and recorded. Then, 10ml blood sample was taken from anterior vein of the subjects at rest and fasting status and IL-6 and plasma C-reactive protein were measured and recorded. Then, obese and lean experimental groups participated in the Tai Chi exercises for 12 weeks, 3 sessions per weeks, and lasted 60 minutes per session. These exercises were performed in the form of principle of overload. Then, at the end of 12 weeks and 24 hours after the last exercise session, all variables, similar to the pre-test, were measured and recorded. Data were analyzed by paired t-test and independent t-test. Results: This study showed a significant reduction in body mass index and IL-6 and C-reactive protein in exercise obese group compared to control obese group and exercise lean group. Conclusion: Finally, this study showed that a 12-week Tai Chi exercise can be beneficial in reducing the levels of BMI, IL-6, and C-reactive protein in obese middle-aged women.