The Effect of Compassion-Focused Therapy of Mothers on the Self-Esteem of Preschool Children
This study intended to investigate the effect of compassion-focused therapy of mothers on the self-esteem of preschool children in Isfahan within 2018. To this end, a quasi-experimental study was conducted following a test-retest and follow-up scheme. The statistical population included all mothers of preschool pupils amongst which 30 mothers with low self-esteemed children were targeted based on convenience sampling method, which were randomly assigned to two groups of 15 as experimental and control. The experimental group received twelve 90-minute compassion- focused therapy, while no intervention was given to the control group. Assessment tools included a demographic questionnaire and self-esteem inventory. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. According to the results, there was a statistically significant difference between the self-esteem scores of experimental and control groups in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up, indicating that the mean self-esteem score was higher in the experimental group than control group in the post-test and follow-up compared to the pre-test stage. Therefore, there was a significant difference between experimental and control group (P˂0.05). The observed scores of the one-month follow-up were closer to those of post-test. In general, it was found that compassion- focused therapy of mothers had a statistically significant effect on the self-esteem of preschool children because parental mental health and parental relationship quality could significantly affect the quality of life of their children.