The Effect of Emotion Regulation Training on Self-conscious Emotion of Parents with Autism Children
Mahtab Yahyapour, Marzieh Sadat Razavi, Saeedeh Zomorodi
This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effect of emotional regulation training on the self-conscious emotions of parents with autism children. In this study, all parents with autism children were selected by cluster randomized sampling method in schools of Tehran. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups of control (15 couples) and experimental (15 couples) in a pretest and posttest design with a control group. In the pre-test stage, all subjects were assessed using a self-conscious emotions questionnaire. Then, the experimental group participated in 8 training sessions in the form of emotion regulation training based on the Gross model. After the completion of the training sessions in the experimental group, both groups were re-assessed by the research tool in the post-test stage. Finally, the results of the study were analyzed using SPSS 19 software. The results of this study revealed a significant difference between the two groups in terms of scores of shame and guilt (F = 4.94, P <0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that emotion regulation training significantly improves the self-conscious emotion of the parents of experimental group compared to the control group. The results of this study show that teaching adaptive emotion regulation strategies through emotion acceptance rather than emotion suppression and emotion re-evaluation rather than rumination reduces the severity and duration of negative emotions in clients. The self-conscious emotions of shame and guilt are no exception in this regard and the teaching of emotion regulation strategies reduces the severity and duration of the experience of these emotions in people.