The role of architectural spaces in promoting children’s creativity and developing their intellect
Creativity is considered to be the highest performance of human mind, and is not only a necessity, but also a reason for survival. Development of many human abilities, starts during childhood, children are born creative and this creativity depends on the strength of their imagination. Creativity and imagination are best developed during ages of 2- 10. So it is necessary to considerthe creativity of a child in the early stages of his/her life. Space and its features play an important role in shaping the personality and is an important factor in children’s development and growth, in fact it has a positive impact on children’s physical and intellectual development. Designing special spaces for children such as kindergartens, is important because at this age the practical aspect of their creativity is addressed. However, such these spaces in Iran are not designed appropriately. The purpose of this study was to discover some variety based ideas in kindergartens and children’s educational assistance spaces in Shiraz province, having an approach of promoting children’s creativity, so that by applying the ideas in designing children’s spaces, their motivation to play is promoted, their imagination and curiosity are enhanced, and their creativity is developed. In the present study, we investigated effective factors on the development of children creativity and we used the survey research method. In the architectural design and pattern forms we used the descriptive analytical method. The questionnaire instruments are a combination of elements, forms, colors, and creativity variables which were designed on the Likert scale. The results of the study consist of architectural ideas for designing kindergarten spaces in order to promote children’s motivation and creativity, such as variability of the space, the interaction of open and closed spaces, variability, diversity and reconstruction of natural stimuli such as light, water, and plants.