Arne Naess on environmental ethics & its Implications for National Development
Chukwuma Joseph Nnaemeka, Eme Okechukwu Innocent, Onwe Jeremiah
There has been a revival of interest, among philosophical environmentalists in the area of environmental safety especially the safety of human beings since the history of mankind. Arne Naess, a Norwegian Philosopher and a frontline nature-centered environmentalist, envisages a philosophy of life, intuition, emotion (feeling) and animal liberalism, as the necessary conditions for an adequate sense of life conservation. However, the conservation of nature is for the advancement of man in his civilized society. Thus, intuition should not form the base of moral philosophy. Nature-centered environmentalism beliefs that like humanity, the living environment as a whole has the same right to live and flourish since it belong to biotic community. This work challenges this position and concerns itself with the task to explore the implications of this position to the environmental development. In addition, it x-rays other schools in environmental ethics, namely, anthropocentrism, ecofeminism, ecocentrism and in conclusion, it takes anthropocentric stance. Perhaps, there is a need for extending our care to nature.