Divine Knowledge from the Perspective of Bewilderment (Tahayyor)
Fatemeh Moazami Godarzi, Aliakbar Nasiri, Vajiheh Kool
It is obvious that (Divine Knowledge) is considered an important issue in the area of Islamic philosophy, and valuable pertinent results can be achieved by reflecting on this subject. One of the questions that have occupied the minds is that whether divine knowledge is a type of intellectual knowledge (rational) or not? If divine knowledge is not intellectual, is it possible to consider it divine action? What does the Bewilderment mean in the area of divine knowledge? What are the steps to achieve divine knowledge? The results obtained in response to the above questions is that, from the perspective of Islamic traditions, divine knowledge cannot be understood through the reason, and any type of divine knowledge, even ascertainment of the creator of the universe, depends on an innate knowledge that has been institutionalized in all of humanity through divine action. Furthermore, divine knowledge has some stages whose lowest rank is to refute any analogy to God (Nafi Tashbih), and inability to achieve the total cognition of God’s essence (Nafi Taetil). In higher levels, a type of bewildering knowledge is created that it has itself some stages. Some factors such as an infinite existence of God and rational inability to understand the essence leads to the bewilderment. In the current article, divine knowledge based on divine bewilderment as the highest type of knowledge is investigated.