Relationship between personality types and job performance (case Study: staff of Shahid Bahonar hospital of Kerman)
Amin Zandifard, Hamed Zeinali
Background and objective: Human resources are one of the most important assets of any organization. Investigating and identifying factors associated with these resources that can affect organizational performance is increasing important. Accordingly, the main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality types and job performance.
Methods: This study is a correlation type of study. The study population consisted of 394 employees of Shahid Bahonar Hospital in Kerman, which 215 people were selected based on Cochran formula using simple random sampling. Gholamhosseini personality questionnaire (2011) and Paterson's job performance questionnaire (1992) were used to collect data. Face validity and content validity were approved in previous research. Single-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to examine the normal distribution of data and Pearson correlation test, regression test, and independent T-test were used to examine the hypotheses of research. Additionally, reliability of personality type questionnaire and job performance questionnaire was obtained 0.75 and ?, respectively, using Cronbach's alpha.
Findings: the findings suggest that there is significant relationship between the extroverted personality and job performance of employees, but there is no significant relationship between introversion personality and job performance of employees. In addition, no significant relationship was found between the male and female employees' job performance. Regression results also showed that introversion personality variable had the greatest impact on variable of job performance and it can predict job performance.
Conclusion: Organization and managers can improve job performance in the organization by identifying personality types of employees.