Climate Change and Nigerian Government’s Intervention Efforts, 2000 - 2012
Eme, Okechukwu Innocent, Okolie, Ikechukwu Emmanuel
Climate change and its catastrophic effects is one of the greatest global concerns of the 21st Century.
Adaptation and mitigation are two practical approaches to containing and/or reducing the adverse effects of
climate change. The study examined all the climate change intervention programmes implemented by the
Nigerian-state and its public administration up to 2012. This was in order to ascertain to what extent such
intervention programmes implemented mitigated the adverse effects of climate change in the context of the
Kyoto Protocol as a developing country. Instances of such intervention programmes include: the construction
of dams, drainages, erosion control measures, dredging of River Niger, Green Wall Sahara Nigeria
Programme and the enactment of laws to reducing C02 emissions into the atmosphere. Our theoretical
exposition was based on Sustainable Development. Thus, we theorized that mitigation approach of which
Nigeria was assigned to by KP is capable to contribute in sustaining and/or maintaining our environment at a
steady level without exhausting our natural resources or causing some ecological damage, so that the
environment and the Nigerian people are not put into jeopardy. The study established three hypotheses. The
three hypotheses were consistent with the empirical evidence from our secondary sources of data gathered.
The result arising from the test of our hypotheses show that poor climate change intervention programmes
implementation significantly contributed to Nigerian governments’ inability to mitigate the adverse effects of
climate change in Nigeria. The inadequate attention paid to the above mentioned programmes were linked to
the absence of climate change policy. This was made worse by the unwholesome character of the leadership
and those of public administration that executed those climate change intervention programmes Based on the
findings of this work, it recommended some measures that would be taken in order to mitigate climate risks
effectively in order not to betray our children and the future generation. Of which the emergence of good
governance into the Nigerian polity is at the epi-centre to its realization.