The Explanation of the Effect of Ethical Leadership on the Employee’s Deviant Behavior with the Moderating Role of Organizational Envy: A Case Study of Petro Sina Arya Oil & Gas Company, Tehran
Naser Poursadegh, Behzad Faridpour
The objective of the present study is to investigate the effect of ethical leadership relations on the employees’ deviant behavior with the moderating role of organizational envy. The population included 157 employees in Petro Sina Arya Oil & Gas Company, Tehran. The present study used a simple random sampling method and 111 people were selected as the sample size using Cochran’s sample size formula. The researcher conducted a factor analysis and used triple questionnaires for data collection. The structural relations model was used for data analysis in this study. Content validity and Cronbach’s alpha were used to determine the validity and reliability of the questionnaires. Its value was 0.812, 0.88, and 0.81 for the ethical leadership questionnaire (Brown et al., 2005), the employees’ deviant behavior questionnaire (Bennett and Robinson, 2000), and the organizational envy questionnaire (Jourablou, 2013). The LISREL statistical software was used for data analysis, hypothesis testing, and doing other analyses for this study. The results indicated that the managers’ ethical leadership reduces the employees’ organizational envy and deviant behavior in the organization.