The study of walkability in the central core of Qaemshahr (with the approach of measuring the quality of urban environment from the point of form and body)
Fereshteh Hasannia, Nahid Abdolghaderiboukani, Nastaran Ehsan
Cities had high walkability in the past and the walking was considered as the main pattern for displacing people inside the bio-centers due to the low cost and easy availability to all segments of society. After the industrial movement and the dominance of cars in cities, the pedestrian was forgotten. As a consequence of air pollution, the policy to reduce the use of personal vehicles and Fossil Fuels, with the approach of urban planning was formed in the last few decades to revive the walkability in the cities. This research aims to measure the quality of urban environment with walkability at the central core of city from the view point of the users in this area. In this regard, the quality of sidewalks has been evaluated from the dimension of the form and body index, which consists of 14 sub-indicators. This research has a combination of documentary and field method in which the framework for the theoretical foundation of research was extracted by studying the theoretical foundation of research at the qualitative section and was used at the quantitative section. The questionnaire method was used for collecting data. Moreover, due to uncertainty about the exact number of population, 384 samples were selected based on Jersey & Morgan Table and were directly questioned by simple random method. SPSS software and the Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Indicators were used to test hypotheses. The results have shown that the qualitative level of form and body in the central core of this city was low and it has been recognized undesirable by the respondents.