Investigating and Criticizing Secularism from Quran’s viewpoint
Secularism in the general sense is the separation of religion from the world and, in particular, the separation of religion from politics and secularization, is a process in which religious thought and religious institutions lose their significance. Various factors, such as religious, historical, social, theoretical and epistemic causes, are involved in the formation of secularism. Among the fundamentals and infrastructures of secularism thought is humanism, rationalism, and liberalism, or extreme libertarianism. Given the fact that secularism emphasizes the separation of religion and politics, we should evaluate the linkage of religion and politics with the view of Islam, so that we can criticize secularism. In the definition of religion, religion must provide the perfect program for the growth and perfection of mankind and the happiness of the world and the hereafter. Politics from the point of view of Islam is government, to achieve the highest spiritual and material goals. The irreconcilability of the relationship between religion and politics is based on both firm internal religious beliefs and external religious doctrines. The vision of Qur'an and the Sunni narratives to the issue of government and politics indicates that there is a serious concern to this issue that there are political, social, economic and legal rulings such as jihad and defense of the limits and sanctities, judgments and arbitration, and so on. It is necessary to link religion with worldly affairs. A secular group, with the view that constant religion is not compatible with variable politics, or the religion of the hereafter and the politics of the world is the religion of the divine universal mercy, they want to separate religion from politics. In Islam, the relationship between the world and the hereafter is explained in such a way that worldly life is the constructive agent of the eternal life. Given the fact that in the religious government, the infallible Imam is at the head of power, it is impossible to use religion as a tool, and in the age of absenteeism and rule, the Faqih, controlling instruments in the Islamic system prevents the instrumental use of religion.