Investigating “Estet’am” [asking for food], “Mateh” [pulling out water] and “Farat” [Intensity] in Nahj Al-Balagha
Fatemeh Ghaderi, Ahmad Reza Parishani, Vesal Maimandi
Analysis of the terms in a morphological derivative manner means focusing on the concepts derived from its derivatives, referring to which in the main meaning, and putting them beside each other, and obtaining a comprehensive concept, is a method that helps the reader attain the deep meaning of the term. This method has long been the focus of attention of lexicalists and scholars such as Ibn Manzur in Lisān al-ʿArab and Sayyed Razi as well as some exegetes and interpreters of Nahj al-Balaghah. Using this method in a way that all its latent and manifest shades and angles are depicted is rarely seen in the writings on Nahj al-Balaghah. The current study was aimed at reaching to this subtle point that the use of a specific word by Imam Ali (AS) about a subject such as the war, due to the highest eloquence that exists in every single words of him, definitely denotes many deep concepts that one cannot find an alternative for it. In this path, firstly the derivative analysis of the word and finding its applied concepts must be done and then, based on the concepts attained, one must find a comprehensive concept for it.Finally, through via referring the derivative concepts to the main concept, its applied analysis can be achieved, so that consequently, the reason behind the use of that term by Imam Ali (AS) instead of other synonym or convergent terms would be found out, and the high eloquence and rhetoric in his words would be revealed.