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specialty journal of chemistry
Volume 4, 2019, Issue 3
A Review on African Violet Tree (Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen): A Traditional Drug ‎with Multiple Medicinal Uses
Abubakar US, Danmalam UH, Ibrahim H, Maiha BB‎
Pages: 7-14


Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen is a plant species with numerous medicinal uses, which is ‎widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa. The present wok summarizes its ‎traditional uses, toxicity, biological activities, phytochemical constituents and conservation ‎status. The plant was found to be toxic at higher concentrations; particularly the root bark and ‎whole root extracts. The biological activities of the plant include antiinflammatory, antioxidant, ‎antiparasitic, histopathological, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antiplasmodial antitrypanosomal, ‎anticonvulsant, enzyme inhibition, insecticidal, molluscicidal and pesticidal activities. ‎Different classes of bioactive compounds which include phenolic acids, xanthones, glycosides, ‎saponins, steroids, fatty acids, volatile oils, flavonoids, alkaloids and sucrose derivatives were ‎isolated from different parts of Securidaca longipedunculata. This important medicinal plant is ‎threatened by over harvesting; this may be due to the fact that the root is the most commonly ‎used part, which makes the plant difficult to survive over harvesting, therefore, there is need by ‎all stakeholders in Africa to initiate conservation program to save the plant. Also, the ‎pharmacology and phytochemistry of the leaves and stem bark of the violet tree should be ‎further investigated‎‎.

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specialty journal of chemistry
Issue 1, Volume 5, 2020