As a result of a range of socioeconomic factors in Kosovo, still lack a serious approach to the first level of the education system and preschool education. The level of preschool education has not yet taken the place it deserves within the education system and our entire society. Regarding to the involvement of children in preschool education, this involvement is not satisfactory because rural areas are neglected in this regard. The role of the psychologist, although very important in the development of a child since from preschool and school stages, nevertheless, doesn't have a positive implementation in Kosovo, since there are no regulations for psychologists and official records in preschool institutions, even the issue of psychologists in schools is unclear and problematic for many years. This is a literature review, that has explorative purpose about the state of preschool institutions and the role of psychologists in these institutions, while the resources which were used in this work were: Various laws and regulations of the Assembly of Kosovo and Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) in Kosovo, Reports on Education in Kosovo for the European Union (EU), national and international studies and articles.