THE GEOPOLITICAL SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST ON THE EVE OF THE FIRST GULF WAR
Ismayilzadeh Khayyam1, Guluzadeh Gulshan2
The Middle East is one of the most complicated regions of the world from geopolitical viewpoint. The rich nature, favorable geographical location, inexhaustible reserves of hydrocarbons of this region have historically occupied a central place in the interest of the great powers. Starting from the beginning of the 20th centure this region has been of more actuality and from this point of view, it has attracted the interest of the great powers. Gulf wars, conflict of interest between the influence of the great powers are good examples of it. We have tried to study the genesis, development, real political consequences and prospects of this issue.