The Opinions of Energy Journalists on the Techniques of Psychological Operations in Dissemination of Energy News
Psychological operation planners have generally established their campaign on propaganda, and the main purpose of the psychological operation is to influence minds and thoughts of the audience. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the opinions of energy journalists on PSYOP techniques in the dissemination of energy news. Regarding the purpose of the study, it is an applied research and in terms of nature, it is a descriptive-survey one. The research population consists of the journalists of energy field of some news agencies and the students working in communications field in Tehran. Using Cochran formula, 148 individual were selected as the samples. A researcher-made questionnaire consisting of 36 items was used for data collection. Data were analyzed by SPSS, one-sample t-test and one-sample Chi square test. The results indicated that the use of censorship techniques and the technique of partial dissemination of facts were used in dissemination of oil energy news, and according to the energy journalists, the use of psychological operations techniques affects audiences.